模式(mode)

提供 mode 配置选项,告知 webpack 使用相应环境的内置优化。

string

可能的值有:none, developmentproduction(默认)。

用法

只需在配置对象中提供 mode 选项:

module.exports = {
  mode: 'production'
};

或者从 CLI 参数中传递:

webpack --mode=production

支持以下字符串值:

选项
描述
选项
development
描述
会将 DefinePluginprocess.env.NODE_ENV 的值设置为 development。启用 NamedChunksPluginNamedModulesPlugin
选项
production
描述
会将 DefinePluginprocess.env.NODE_ENV 的值设置为 production。启用 FlagDependencyUsagePlugin, FlagIncludedChunksPlugin, ModuleConcatenationPlugin, NoEmitOnErrorsPlugin, OccurrenceOrderPlugin, SideEffectsFlagPluginTerserPlugin
选项
none
描述
退出任何默认优化选项

如果没有设置,webpack 会将 mode 的默认值设置为 production。模式支持的值为:

记住,设置 NODE_ENV 并不会自动地设置 mode

mode: development

// webpack.development.config.js
module.exports = {
+ mode: 'development'
- devtool: 'eval',
- cache: true,
- performance: {
-   hints: false
- },
- output: {
-   pathinfo: true
- },
- optimization: {
-   namedModules: true,
-   namedChunks: true,
-   nodeEnv: 'development',
-   flagIncludedChunks: false,
-   occurrenceOrder: false,
-   sideEffects: false,
-   usedExports: false,
-   concatenateModules: false,
-   splitChunks: {
-     hidePathInfo: false,
-     minSize: 10000,
-     maxAsyncRequests: Infinity,
-     maxInitialRequests: Infinity,
-   },
-   noEmitOnErrors: false,
-   checkWasmTypes: false,
-   minimize: false,
- },
- plugins: [
-   new webpack.NamedModulesPlugin(),
-   new webpack.NamedChunksPlugin(),
-   new webpack.DefinePlugin({ "process.env.NODE_ENV": JSON.stringify("development") }),
- ]
}

mode: production

// webpack.production.config.js
module.exports = {
+  mode: 'production',
- performance: {
-   hints: 'warning'
- },
- output: {
-   pathinfo: false
- },
- optimization: {
-   namedModules: false,
-   namedChunks: false,
-   nodeEnv: 'production',
-   flagIncludedChunks: true,
-   occurrenceOrder: true,
-   sideEffects: true,
-   usedExports: true,
-   concatenateModules: true,
-   splitChunks: {
-     hidePathInfo: true,
-     minSize: 30000,
-     maxAsyncRequests: 5,
-     maxInitialRequests: 3,
-   },
-   noEmitOnErrors: true,
-   checkWasmTypes: true,
-   minimize: true,
- },
- plugins: [
-   new TerserPlugin(/* ... */),
-   new webpack.DefinePlugin({ "process.env.NODE_ENV": JSON.stringify("production") }),
-   new webpack.optimize.ModuleConcatenationPlugin(),
-   new webpack.NoEmitOnErrorsPlugin()
- ]
}

mode: none

// webpack.custom.config.js
module.exports = {
+ mode: 'none',
- performance: {
-  hints: false
- },
- optimization: {
-   flagIncludedChunks: false,
-   occurrenceOrder: false,
-   sideEffects: false,
-   usedExports: false,
-   concatenateModules: false,
-   splitChunks: {
-     hidePathInfo: false,
-     minSize: 10000,
-     maxAsyncRequests: Infinity,
-     maxInitialRequests: Infinity,
-   },
-   noEmitOnErrors: false,
-   checkWasmTypes: false,
-   minimize: false,
- },
- plugins: []
}

如果要根据 webpack.config.js 中的 mode 变量更改打包行为,则必须将配置导出为一个函数,而不是导出为一个对象:

var config = {
  entry: './app.js'
  //...
};

module.exports = (env, argv) => {

  if (argv.mode === 'development') {
    config.devtool = 'source-map';
  }

  if (argv.mode === 'production') {
    //...
  }

  return config;
};

进一步阅读


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